The topic of the courses in the area Variation is the wealth of variation of natural language meaning, as it arises based on diverse historical, language-specific, social, and medial conditions. Here, the following questions are put forward:
- What facilitates and limits the historical variability of linguistic meaning? What are the differences and commonalities between the semantic components of the various languages of the world? How do sign languages convey meaning?
- How do social relations and the social role of both the speaker and the hearer influence the constitution of natural language meaning?
- What is the evolutionary potential of human languages, and how does this relate to the languages of animals? How can computeraided methods contribute to the investigation of natural language semantics?
The following courses are offered: